We use only cotton grown in USDA certified fields.
The cultivation of our cotton starts at the monsoon season, which follows the same yearly cycle as rice culture in Northern Thailand.
Seeds are sown in June and July and cotton is then harvested in December and January.
This cotton will be dried in the sun for 2 to 3 days in a village where it is then spun into yarn. Villagers then separate the seeds from the cotton itself. Seeds make up two thirds of this seed/cotton mixture and will be conserved for the next year's cultivation.
The cotton is then cleaned and untangled in order to make it more pliable. And then large cotton swabs are made.
From these cotton swabs, each thread will be carefully spun using traditional spinning machines.
The raw materials from which our dyes are made come from local plants in Northern Thailand. Our dyeing methods alternate between cold water skein dyeing and warm water dyeing, depending on the colors and tones we wish to achieve.
Indigo leaves are fermented in jars called "Sukumo" and are stirred everyday in order to nourish and introduce oxygen to the mixture. Handmade indigo dye produces bright blues and exciting yellows with a unique flavor.
Ebony Fruit Dye
As it's name suggests, ebony fruit dye is made from ebony fruits that have spent a year fermenting. The fermented fruits are then mashed and mixed with
charcoal water. Skeins are then soaked in this mixture and dried in the sun.
This process is repeated in order to make deeper/darker colors, such as grays, browns and black.
Natural Warm Water Dye
The warm water dye is made from cuttings of tree trunk. These trees are harvested during the season in which
the presence of color pigment is at it's peak. It is then chopped into fine pieces and mixed with caustic lime and left overnight.
The mixture is then boiled and filtered in preparation for the dyeing of yarn. Yarn is soaked in this warm water dye and
stirred so that it will be dyed evenly.
Depending on the desired color, charcoal, iron or clay will be applied to fix the color. Finally, the yarn will be dried in the shade.
Weaving of Fabric
First, vertical threads will be prepared according to the product in question. We use 1720 threads for a 1m width weaving machine and
about 4000 threads for a 2m40cm width machine. Many different patterns are available with pattern settings of 2 to 12 vertical thread variations.
This process decides the final product design.
For Planeta Organica's towels, we use a setting of 4 vertical threads. Our hand-woven towels must be made slowly,
at one tenth the speed of one made by an industrial machine.
Pleasing to touch, comfortable clothing & great sleep
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